Synthetıc Biology

Synthetic Biology

Synthetic biology, a relatively recent field of study in biotechnology, is a discipline that enables the enhancement of enzymatic processes, allows for the development of novel therapeutics and vaccines, and yields improvements in the manufacture of biochemical products. It does so through the design of new genetic circuitry and biological machinery and/or improvement of existing biological systems. In other words, the main theme in synthetic biology is the application of the fundamentals of biology via the guiding principles of engineering.

Within the last two decades, synthetic biology has opened new frontiers in industry and research. This was mainly due to the fact that synthetic biology had numerous unique capabilities. Thanks to new systems being developed each day, synthetic biology plays a key role in solving newly arising problems and in meeting future challenges. In synthetic biology, traditional limitations on the the size and nature of proteins, DNA segments, and genes are no longer applicable.

Synthetic biology differs significantly from traditional biology. It focuses on the design and creation of subunits such as enzymes, genetic circuitry, and metabolic pathways in order to meet certain foreseeable dynamic performance requirements. Meeting these requirements and solving relevant challanges is contingent upon the successful addition of small -yet critical- units or machinery into integrated systems.

Recently, recombinant gene and protein products are created via merging synthetic DNA fragments to form functional genes. Cleaner energy sources, targeted therapies, more effective vaccines, agricultural produce with longer shelf-life, environmental conservation, and high-yield recycling systems can all be realized via products or systems created by synthetic biology.